The most meaningful exception was the Neanderthal skullcap and associated limb bones recovered by quarry workers from a limestone cave near Düsseldorf, Germany in 1856.
Unfortunately, the antiquity of the bones was unclear and there seemed to be a reasonable possibility that the skull came from a pathological modern human.
We review studies of genomic data obtained by sequencing hominin fossils with particular emphasis on the unique information that ancient DNA (a DNA) can provide about the demographic history of humans and our closest relatives.
We concentrate on nuclear genomic sequences that have been published in the past few years.
He also reiterated Huxley's prescient inference, grounded in the distribution of the especially humanlike African apes, that the last shared ancestor of people and apes lived in tropical Africa.